Machine Quilting Terms
edge-to-edge – also known as pantograph, all over quilting, continuous line quilting. This is when a specific design is repeatedly quilted in rows across a quilt. Edge-to-edge is quilted over the entire quilt without a separate border or block design.
freehand quilting – also known as free motion quilting. The quilter guides the machine by hand. The quilting design is a result of the quilters skill, rather than a computerised quilting design.
computerised quilting – a computer is used to guide the quilting machine to stitch out a design. Computerised quilting can be used for edge-to-edge designs as well as custom quilting.
stitch regulator – most longarm quilting machines have stitch regulators to maintain even stitch length during quilting.
basting – when a quilt sandwich is held together with large, easily removed stitches or pins. Some quilters offer a basting service for hand quilters
longarm quilting machine – a sewing machine, usually greater than 15 inches of throat space that is mounted on a machine quilting frame
rollers – the quilt backing is attached to the rollers on a longarm machine quilting table so that the quilt may be rolled up and kept in position for quilting
custom quilting – quilt blocks are individually quilted as well as the border has a separate quilting design. Custom quilting can include, but is not limited to stitch in the ditch, cross hatching, outlining of applique and /or background fill.
tension – the relationship of balance between the top quilting thread and the bobbin thread. The two threads should overlap within the middle layer of the quilt when the tension is balanced